# Simple algorithm nptel

**simple algorithm nptel The major advantage of this algorithm is that it is of recursive type. Bhattacharyya - IIT Simple building algorithms for the formation of Y-Bus matrix and Aug 06, 2018 · This article covers the important points discussed in the four videos of Blockchain course offered by NPTEL week 1. Therefore, for sorting an O(N) algorithm is actually very Exhaustive search is an attractive algorithm-design technique: It’s widely applicable. The performance of an algorithm is measured on the basis of following properties : Time Complexity We want crypto algorithms to be fast and small Tradeoffs between Security , Speed, Side-Channel Attacks CR For security, the algorithms are computationally intensive. It is based on the famous Bayes Theorem of Probability. Example of Creating a Decision Tree (Example is taken from Data Mining Concepts: Han and Kimber) #1) Learning Step: The training data is fed into the system to be analyzed by a classification algorithm. Fast Decoupled Load Flow: An important characteristic of any practical electric power transmission system operating in steady state is the strong interdependence between real powers and bus voltages angles and between reactive powers and voltage magnitudes. an algorithm can be implemented in more than one programming language. no congestion and hence increase rate by certain amount −else there is congestion and hence decrease rate by certain amount •Algorithms I and II are key ideas behind current congestion control protocols 6. To apply Prim’s algorithm, the given graph must be weighted, connected and undirected. To output x 1, output 0 with probability p and 1 with probablity 1−p, where p = |A 0|/|A| is calculated by calling the counting algorithm twice NPTEL Video Lectures, IIT Video Lectures Online, NPTEL Youtube Lectures, Free Video Lectures, NPTEL Online Courses, Youtube IIT Videos NPTEL Courses. May 14, 2020 · The algorithm continuously predicts the result on the basis of training data and is continuously corrected by the teacher. Simple Analogy. C. Banker’s Algorithm is a deadlock avoidance algorithm. g: - calling a method and returning from a method - performing an arithmetic operation (e. See full list on cfd-online. Free delivery on qualified orders. Decision tree uses the tree representation to solve the problem in which each leaf node corresponds to a class label and attributes are represented on the internal node of the tree. All control applications don’t need all three control elements. Combinations like PI and PD controls are very often used in practical Mining Tutorials Nptel | sexassault. These algorithms all have the same ultimate goal: in a graph with weighted edges, find the shortest Hamiltonian path (the path through all nodes with the smallest sum of edge weights). A binary tree is a tree-like structure that has a root and in which each vertex has no more than … Continue reading The Algorithms - Python All algorithms implemented in Python (for education) These implementations are for learning purposes only. Intro Video; Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics. The first half of the course (Chapters 1–7) covers quantum algorithms, the second half covers quantum 10. To get the students used to stating algorithms with precision and to understanding the idea of complexity. In short Our 1000+ Operating System questions and answers focuses on all areas of Operating System covering 100+ topics. Two main measure of efficiency of an algorithm . What we were amazed by was not that simple-minded genetic algorithms produced solutions but that the space was so rich with solutions that almost any mechanism that was looking around in that space would find them. 937 5 Just to illustrate with some examples, I’ll use PHP to create an array-searching algorithm. Join over 11 million developers in solving code challenges on HackerRank, one of the best ways to prepare for programming interviews. Friends, this article lists some the of best courses available online on Data Structures and Algorithms. These videos are from an 8-week course offered by NPTEL. Naive Bayes is a very popular classification algorithm that is mostly used to get the base accuracy of the dataset. Contribution Guidelines. At the core of the ACO algorithm lies a loop, where at each iteration, each ant moves (performs a step) from a state ι to another one ψ, corresponding to a Introduction to Python Heavily based on presentations by Matt Huenerfauth (Penn State) Guido van Rossum (Google) Richard P. This problem presents a fast algorithm for computing the greatest common divisor (gcd) of two positive integers a and b. Take an example of a Super Market where customers can buy variety of items. Naive Bayes is a simple Machine Learning algorithm that is useful in certain situations, particularly in problems like spam classification. algorithms. 6 The ElGamal Algorithm for Digital 51 Signatures 13. F. culus in their most simple fashion. Perform selection 5. home. Design and Analysis of Algorithm is very important for designing algorithm to solve different types of problems in the branch of computer science and information technology. It’s simple. in. 5, and CART. Jitendra Mahakud: Video: IIT Kharagpur For simple problems, it is often easy to see that a particular algorithm will always work, i. Use arrays,pointers and structures to formulate algorithm and programs. Both have same complexity. 44:09. SIMPLE is an acronym for Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations. Click on any Lecture link to view that video. Oct 11, 2020 · In linear algebra, a matrix decomposition or matrix factorization is a factorization of a matrix into a product of matrices. General Transport Equation. Read our Contribution Guidelines before you contribute. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. Lecture 1: Algorithms and programming: simple gcd; Lecture 2: Improving naive gcd; Lecture 3: Euclid's algorithm for gcd National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) is a project of MHRD initiated by seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Guwahati and Roorkee) along with the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 2003, to provide quality education to anyone interested in learning from the IITs. 23 Nov 2015 Response: The cost per course is in accordance with that proposed by the costing committee for MOOCs. 2 Randomwalkonahypercube. See Interior-Point-Legacy Linear Programming. Beginning with these nominal processes, he wishes to optimize the processes/products by varying the control factors at his disposal, such that the results are reliable and repeatable (i. Some point is on the wrong side. 3 4. ac. Note : According to Wikipedia "Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. 1. Nptel is a joint initiative from IITs and IISc to offer online courses & certification. AN EXAMPLE OF THE GOMORY CUTTING PLANE ALGORITHM 3 Any integer-feasible s is also non-negative, and so 1 2 − 11 36 s1 − 1 36 s2 ≤ 1/2. key Get expert, verified answers. Formulate simple algorithms for arithmetic and logical problems; Translate the algorithms to programs (in C language); Test and execute the programs and in the final exam with the breakup. that it satis es its speci cation. [3] Daganzo, C. Let me rephrase you this in simple terms: An Algorithm is a sequence of steps to solve a problem. Total number of questions was 50. Leiserson, OCW. Example: 3 5 2 T 6 2 translates into 3 5 2 T 6 A 5 2, A 5 0 b. Translate the algorithms to programs (in C language) Test and execute the programs and correct syntax and logical errors. The certification process is in the final stages of completion. " Sample Data: [14,46,43,27,57,41,45,21,70] Expected Result: [14, 21, 27, 41, 43, 45, 46 Finiteness- The algorithm should have finite number of steps. 2. This is a perfect place to get started with programming if you are a newbie. It will have the logos of NPTEL and IIT Kharagpur . With the growth of Information and Communication Technology, there is a need to develop large and complex software. 11 requires only 8 complex multiplications and is strikingly simple compared to the radix-2. 8 for instance, according to how the code was written by Dr. The choice of topics was mine, and is biased by my personal 34. Unacademy and NPTEL YouTube Channels Gradeup and GATE Academy are Numerical methods. Welcome! This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. MCQs- Week 1, Week 2, Week 4 , Week 6, Week 7 Programming Assignment – Week 2 , Week 3, Week 4, Week 5, Week 8 Don't show me this again. Knowing that, an algorithm that was O(N) or O(N 2) (for a couple of obvious examples) would probably be pretty disappointing. 1 Atomicregisters. cn Applications of Data Structure and Algorithms. Course outline. 976/ESD. After completing […] Sep 01, 2014 · From March to July 2014, an online course on Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms was run on the portal https://onlinecourses. It follows the safety algorithm to check whether the system is in a safe state or not. Now that we know what a Decision Tree is, we’ll see how it works internally. It is key issue addressed in proposed algorithm to facilitate an easy calculation of currents in all the branches. A blockchain is an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between… NPTEL Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms using Python - Week 5 programming assignment deadline extended In view of the clarification regarding the output format, the deadline is extended by two days to Saturday, 9 March. MIT: One of the lecturers is C. Jan 13, 2013 · The CART algorithm is structured as a sequence of questions, the answers to which determine what the next question, if any should be. How to Write the VHDL Description of a Simple Algorithm: The Data Path. In fact time and space complexity used by algorithm are the two main measures that decide the efficiency of algorithm. 763-769, 1993. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel. Introduction to Python Heavily based on presentations by Matt Huenerfauth (Penn State) Guido van Rossum (Google) Richard P. It's a very simple algorithm. Before the simplex algorithm can be used to solve a linear program, the problem must be written in standard form. Offered by University of California San Diego. None . Text books: 1. Oct 06, 2010 · The decoding algorithm uses two metrics: the branch metric (BM) and the path metric (PM). Correctness- Every step of the algorithm must generate a correct output. ID3 Stands for Iterative Dichotomiser 3. Algorithms: Design & Analysis, Part 2 Descargar e instalar Digital algorithm para PC en Windows 10, 8. Simple Harmonic Oscillators - Damped Oscillator - Oscillator With External Introduction and Linear Programming - Revised Simplex Algorithm-Simplex computer science and engineering noc:programming study material, nptel videos for computer science and engineering noc:programming, computer science Discover free online Algorithms courses from top universities. MODULE 12. Abhiram G Ranade Co-ordinating Institute - IIT - Bombay These approaches range from a simple heuristic algorithm to algorithms based on the physical workings of the human mind to those based on ant colonies. No. To begin, consider dividing 11000101 by 1010. Your last recorded submission was on 2019-09-04, 21:20 IST 1 point Th This is introductory course on computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The fitness function here is just considered to be the sum of survival points, in which case taking all of the things would be simple straight forward best answer. 1 Simple Algorithm . 13) What does a hybrid Bayesian network contain? A hybrid Bayesian network contains both a discrete and continuous variables. Benny George K,IIT Guwahati of the course – Randomized Algorithms Tomorrow 08. a. The Paper-and-Pencil Approach for Binary Division. Dec 24, 2014 · Hello people…! In this post, I will talk about Graph Theory Basics, which are its terminologies, types and implementations in C. Before giving the algorithm we need to prove the following properties gcd(a,b) = 2·gcd(a 2, b 2) if a,b are even gcd(a, b 2) if a is odd, b is even gcd(a−b 2,b) if a, b are odd Advantages: Decision trees are easy to interpret, nonparametric (which means they are robust to outliers), and there are relatively few parameters to tune. In particular, if the objective and constraint functions in (1. Lecture 38 - SIMPLER Algorithm, Fundamentals of Unstructured Grid Formulation Lecture 36 - Staggered Grid and Collocated Grid, SIMPLE Algorithm · Lecture 37 - SIMPLE Algorithm. In simple words, it's a sequence of computational steps that converts input into the output. As the name suggests, here this algorithm makes an assumption as all the variables in the dataset is “Naive” i. CE 2201 - Mechanics of Solids - Prof. 02. NPTEL - VIDEO. The eld started in the early 1980s with suggestions for analog quantum computers by Yuri Manin [108] (and appendix of [109]), Richard Feynman [65,66], and Paul Benio [21], and Dec 24, 2014 · Hello people…! In this post, I will talk about Graph Theory Basics, which are its terminologies, types and implementations in C. The broad perspective taken makes it an appropriate introduction to the field. While data structures help in the organization of data, algorithms help find solutions to the unending data analysis problems. Naveen Garg, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Delhi. In this case we take the complex task “sort an array” and turn it into the following simple steps: - Outer loop – the number of times we need to iterate through the array. Simple syntax, well defined interface, ease of use, generality and IPC between processes on same/different machines. Okay, here we go: Sep 04, 2016 · 1. It maintains a set of data using which it decides whether to entertain the request of any process or not. In particular, most CFD courses tend to focus on a single algorithm and proceed to demonstrate its use in various physical problems. AUC: Area Under the ROC Curve. Implement conditional branching,iteration and recursion. In most cases, however, genetic algorithms are nothing else than prob-abilistic optimization methods which are based on the principles of evolution. Moving average example in C. Choose initial population 2. I took the certification exam of “The joy of computing using Python” on October 28, 2018. 4. 1 Move-to-top Distance vector algorithm Base assumption Each router knows its own address and the cost to reach each of its directly connected neighbors Bellman-Ford algorithm Distributed route computation using only neighbor’s info Mitigating loops Split horizon and posion reverse 14 Nov 03, 2020 · The textbook Algorithms, 4th Edition by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne surveys the most important algorithms and data structures in use today. • Tell me about your friends(who your neighbors are) and I will tell you who you are. • Must give some output(yes/no,valueetc. Data Structures and Algorithms NPTEL Video Lectures Naveen Garg, NPTEL Video Lectures, NPTEL Online Courses, Youtube IIT Videos NPTEL Courses. The course is packed with many concepts that are taught meticulously by the instructor. The first stage of the algorithm might involve some preprocessing of the constraints (see Interior-Point-Legacy Linear Programming). • Effectiveness –every instruction must be basic i. (from nptel. Travelling salesman Designing a checking algorithm nptel-week8-module6-checking-algorithms. – The program requires an effort of 3 to 5 hours per week. It can be used for both Classification and Regression problems in ML. Can anyone provide one for me, or give me a link to such an example? Straightforward source code without tricky optimizations will also meet my needs. The first Network is a simple Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) and the second one is a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Online Classroom8 weeksBEGINNER. 18 FUNDAMENTAL RELAY-OPERATING PRINCIPLES AND CHARACTERISTICS Time delay is obtained in induction-type relays by a "drag magnet," which is a permanent magnet arranged so that the relay rotor cuts the flux between the poles of the magnet, as Sep 04, 2017 · If you were to ask me 2 most intuitive algorithms in machine learning – it would be k-Nearest Neighbours (kNN) and tree based algorithms. Analysis algorithm. The way this is done becomes important for some converter topologies. Looking at Figure 2 makes it easy to understand that Simple Incremental Algorithm ( Foley 3. subjectId Discipline Name Subject Name Coordinators Type Institute; Content. Muller (Caltech) Monday, October 19, 2009 Algorithms are Central Conduct experimental evaluations (perhaps iterate above steps). Srinivasan from IIT Madras. These questions can also came in Btech Computer science university exams and various interview for computer science students NPTEL - Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python Week 7 Solutions March 28, 2018 1) bfcadeghij 2) 1+self. Lec 1: Applications of CFD · Lec 2: Basic equations of fluid dynamics and heat transfer · Lec 3: Initial Lecture 53 : Concept of staggered grid; Lecture 54 : SIMPLE algorithm; Lecture 55 : Salient features of SIMPLE algorithm. SIMPLE CFD Algorithm. To turn a counting algorithm into a sampling algorithm, we need to show how to output a random member of A. peakadx. And this is something I could do, because linear programming has this powerful notion of duality. UC Berkeley CS10 Beauty and Joy of Computing Fa10 (1080p HD) (playlist) - Dan Garcia; Algorithms An algorithm is a step-by-step process used to solve a problem or reach a desired goal. We have to show that C is in NP, for which a checking algorithm suffices. Disadvantages. That could be 5, times length of V1, which is just equal to 1. 1 ) The basic improvement of this algorithm over the purely braindead one is that instead of calculating Y for each X from the equation of a line ( one multiplication and one addition ), we will calculate it from the previous Y by just adding a fixed constant ( one addition only ). In numerical linear algebra, the Gauss–Seidel method, also known as the Liebmann method or the method of successive displacement, is an iterative method used to solve a system of linear equations. e not correlated to each other. Mehta, IIT Kanpur. Week 5 Programming solutions - NPTEL Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python SIMPLE, SIMPLEC & PISO - Comments In SIMPLE under-relaxation is required due to the neglect of u*’ un+1 = u* + nα u u’ p = p + α p p’ There is an optimal relationship α p =1- α u SIMPLEC and PISO do not need under-relaxation SIMPLEC/PISO allow faster convergence than SIMPLE PISO is useful for irregular cells Week 4 Programming solutions - NPTEL Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms using Python :-Must See Bonus Posts :-Tutorial 1:- Doing Useful Stuff with Python – Getting RGB color value of mouse position . higher education along with basic core courses in sciences and humanities with exposure to Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms using Python. Given for digraphs but easily modiﬁed to work on undirected graphs. You start with a simple inefficient algorithm and move on up. In this tutorial, you will discover how to implement the Perceptron algorithm from scratch with Python. Correct answer: (a) There is a checking algorithm for C The reduction establishes NP-hardness. Community Channel. I've read some wiki pages and papers about it, but it would really help me to see a full simple example carried out step-by-step. 3 Outline of this Lecture Recalling the BFS solution of the shortest path problem for unweighted (di)graphs. Starting from the year 2016 to 2018, Anuradha Surabhi began her quest to explore the state of the art of information technology in the following modules and excelled with either an elite You can use this technique when you create an algorithm on paper run out of space. A blockchain is an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between… In NPTEL exams, 100 marks is usually divided into 50 marks for assignment and 50 marks for online test. Formulate simple algorithms for arithmetic and logical problems; It will be e-verifiable at nptel. Lecture 56 : Illustrative Solution of Discrete Algebraic Systems; Direct and Basic Iterative Methods for Time Integration Techniques; Implicit Pressure Correction Methods (SIMPLE, 7 Oct 2018 Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. In 2 dimensions: We start with drawing a random line. Overview of modern machine learning algorithms The above algorithm is known as Velocity algorithm. lamongankab. We didn't say that genetic algorithms were the way to go. We're on Gitter Jan 17, 2020 · The knowledge of Data Structures and Algorithms forms the base to identify programmers giving yet another reason for tech enthusiasts to get a Python Certification. Step 3: When the Balance Factor of every node will be found like 0 or 1 or -1 then the algorithm will proceed for the next operation. of citations: 200) G. AUC stands for "Area under the Mining Tutorials Nptel Author: 8531-59-854d6fae5ee42911677c7 39ee1734486. 13. Usually, there is a pattern in what the customers buy. He has contributed lectures on algorithms to the Massively NPTEL. Real coded Genetic Algorithms 7 November 2013 39 The standard genetic algorithms has the following steps 1. Algorithm is a step-by-step procedure, which defines a set of instructions to be executed in a certain order to get the desired output. Precisely, this Nptel Computer Science course is an answer for you to understand the basics of GPU architectures and CUDA programming. A. NPTEL provides E-learning through online Web and Video courses various streams. It’s simple and is known to outperform even highly sophisticated classification methods. Free online certification course in Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms by NPTEL (National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning) March 5th, 2014 vipin Leave a comment Go to comments If any of you have a distant dream of learning Programming, Data structures and Algorithms from the experts at IITs, here comes an excellent opportunity. The learning speed is slow when the training set is large, and the distance calculation is nontrivial. AUC stands for "Area under the a comparison of pid controller tuning methods a new pid controller tuning method based on multiple integrations cascade pid controller tuning cleanflight pid controller 1 tuning comparison pid controller tuning methods digital pid controller tuning discrete pid controller tuning evolutionary algorithms for pid controller tuning current trends Apr 09, 2020 · He is a 2020 pass-out from the Computer Science and Engineering and has done certification in three NPTEL courses, namely, Introduction to programming with C, Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms using Python and Introduction to Machine Learning. It is a classification not a regression algorithm. Each cluster is associated with a centroid (center point) 3. length() 3) b) The length of the longest path from root to leaf in mytree 4) b) F Amazon. Select one: a. 7 On Solving the Discrete Logarithm 56 Problem 13. Our DAA Tutorial is designed for beginners and professionals both. I'm trying to fully understand the gradient boosting (GB) method. For well-posed linear initial value problem, Stability Convergence (Lax's eq ffit,jS t,i,j it,jS −∆∆ ∆∆→ ∆∆ ⇔ uivalence theorem, Richtmyer and Morton, "Difference Methods for Initial Value Problems" (2nd) 1967) Interact LIVE with the Course Instructor Prof. An algorithm is said to be efficient and fast, if it takes less time to execute and consumes less memory space. Jan 03, 2019 · For 0/1 KNAPSACK problem, the algorithm takes _____ amount of time for memory table, and _____time to determine the optimal load, for N objects and W as the capacity of KNAPSACK. The principle disadvantage to exhaustive search is the cost of generating candidate solutions. Knowledge of how to create and design excellent algorithms and continuing through the SIMPLE algorithms and modern projection methods. It will seem counter-intuitive , mainly because we already have an array-search algorithm in PHP, but this is how things get started, even in PHP. There are many algorithms out there which construct Decision Trees, but one of the best is called as ID3 Algorithm. . This article attempts to change that. Leiserson, The “L” in CLRS. Aug 28, 2002 · The Goertzel algorithm can perform tone detection using much less CPU horsepower than the Fast Fourier Transform, but many engineers have never heard of it. Interestingly, we had skill tests for both these algorithms last month. Prim’s Algorithm Implementation- The implementation of Prim’s Algorithm is explained in the following steps- A Naive Bayesian model is easy to build and useful for massive datasets. Algorithms are generally created independent of underlying languages, i. Thebranchmetricisameasureofthe“distance”betweenwhatwastransmittedand what was received, and is deﬁned for each arc in the trellis. 1 million, is in fact optimum. 3 Variousshuﬄingalgorithms. Computer Algorithms – 2 by Prof. It is a model of a single neuron that can be used for two-class classification problems and provides the foundation for later developing much larger networks. Finite Difference Method; Elementary Finite Difference Quotients; Basic Aspects of Equations for Incompressible Flow Using SIMPLE and MAC Algorithms. We remark that this is one of the main features of the current lectures that is not present in usual treatments. A)There is a checking algorithm for C B) Every instance of C maps to an instance of SAT C)very instance of SAT maps to an instance of C D) C does not have an efficient algorithm. Besides it has got several other advantages also those are elaborated below: 1. The SIMPLE algorithm was developed by Prof. Week 1: Introduction. [CFD] The SIMPLE Algorithm (to solve incompressible Navier-Stokes). Learn for free, Pay a small fee for exam and get a certificate Apr 12, 2019 · Randomized Algorithms NPTEL IIT Guwahati; 41 videos; 10,599 views; Last updated on Apr 12, 2019; Lecture 1: Introduction to Randomized Algorithms by NPTEL IIT Guwahati. Damsels may buy makeup items whereas bachelors may buy beers and chips etc. Data Structures and Algorithms by Dr. Fortunately, there's an efficient, sorting-based algorithm that can provide this information for us, called AUC. I think that the fitness function should be modified in such a way to take even the weights into Oct 03, 2020 · 12) A* algorithm is based on which search method? A* algorithm is based on best first search method, as it gives an idea of optimization and quick choose of path, and all characteristics lie in A* algorithm. • Finiteness –algorithm terminates after a finite number of steps. In simple words, it predicts the probability of occurrence of an event by fitting data to a logit function. Before giving the algorithm we need to prove the following properties gcd(a,b) = 2·gcd(a 2, b 2) if a,b are even gcd(a, b 2) if a is odd, b is even gcd(a−b 2,b) if a, b are odd GATE-and-CSE-Resources-for-Students 📚 📚. in/ less These videos are from an 8-week course offered by NPTEL. So just like that, if we have the set of just U1, we could say that just the set of U1 is an orthonormal basis for V1, for the subspace V1. D. 113 15. We recommend to go through them to have strong basics. NPTEL - GATE Courses for Mechanical Engineering (20) NPTEL - GATE Courses for Civil Engineering (17) NPTEL - GATE Courses for Electrical & Electronics Engineering (16) NPTEL - GATE Courses for Instrumentation Engineering (13) NPTEL - GATE Courses for Metallurgy and Material Science (13) NPTEL - GATE Courses for Chemical Engineering (13) Convergence of the numerical algorithm concerns about the behavior of as S 0 for fixed values . Algorithms: Design & Analysis, Part 1. Disadvantages: Decision trees are prone to be overfit. Most engineers are familiar with the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and would have little trouble using a “canned” FFT routine to detect one or more Algorithms for estimating similarity between two macromolecular sequences are of profound importance for molecular biology. Tilani Gunawardena Algorithms: K Nearest Neighbors 1 2. H. e. 22 Nov 2013 If we apply the simple explicit method to heat conduction equation, the following algorithm results. CIVIL ENGINEERING. That was super easy. Muller (Caltech) Monday, October 19, 2009 According to the proportional, integral, and derivative control calculations in the algorithm, the controller produces a combined response or controlled output which is applied to plant control devices. KNN (K- Nearest Neighbors): This algorithm can be applied to both classification and regression problems. Constraints of type (Q) : for each constraint E of this type, we add a slack variable A Ü, such that A Ü is nonnegative. 8 How Diﬃe-Hellman May Fail in Practice 60 13. 2) are linear, then the resulting linear program (LP) can be solved in a ﬁnite number of steps. in). They can be used to solve both regression and classification problems. DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN Binary Systems: Introduction to Number Systems and recursive descent parser and algorithms, simple LL(1 NPTEL Problem solving through Programming In C NPTEL WEEK 4 Quiz Assignment Solutions | Swayam This course is aimed at enabling the students to * Formulate simple algorithms for arithmetic and logical problems * Translate the algorithms to programs (in C language) * Test and execute the programs and correct syntax and logical errors puters run the same algorithm — this is the distributed algorithm that we will design. Naveen Garg Lecture Series on Data Structures and Algorithms by Dr. Bagley’s thesis “The Behavior A most engaging and easy-to-understand course for you to get a knowhow of GPU architectures and its working. The shortest path problem for weighted digraphs. 6. A number of preprocessing steps occur before the algorithm begins to iterate. e. In the coming years, Moore’s law will be driven by memory technologies that focus on aggressive pitch scaling and higher transistor count. SIMPLE Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations. In this example, the task is to ﬁnd a proper colouring of the path with 3 colours. To put it differently, you could use this for: Predicting customer churning. This course will primarily cover the basics of computational fluid dynamics starting from classification of partial differential equations, linear solvers, finite difference method and finite volume method for discretizing Laplace equation, convective-diffusive equation & Navier-Stokes equations. B asymptotically beats A. The result of these questions is a tree like structure where the ends are terminal nodes at which point there are no more questions. We do this bit by bit, ﬁrst outputting x 1, then x 2, and so on. However, this can be addressed by ensemble methods like random forests or boosted trees. A Genetic Algorithm T utorial Darrell Whitley Computer Science Departmen t Colorado State Univ ersit y F ort Collins CO whitleycs colostate edu Abstract Algorithm II: Rate-control −if packets are not dropped, i. show less variations). Murty, A Near-optimal initial seed value selectionfor K-Means Algorithm using Genetic Algorithm, Pattern Recognition Letters, 14, pp. 11. MTSE1102: Machine Learning Data Analysis: Simple regression, Multiple Regression Sep 05, 2014 · Algorithms Design And Analysis MCQS with Answers is mainly intended fro GATE aspirants. processor and memory . Nov 29, 2012 · P&O is one of the most discussed and used algorithms for MPPT. DAA Tutorial. W e illustrate this with an example taken from [ 1 ] that involves a four-state trellis covering five time units. Land and A. ) • Definiteness –each instruction is clear and unambiguous. heat and mass transfer notes nptel Feb 10, 2020 · To compute the points in an ROC curve, we could evaluate a logistic regression model many times with different classification thresholds, but this would be inefficient. You'll learn how to explain your solutions to technical problems. The complete trellis with each branch labeled with a length is shown in Fig. To show that Equation (G) is a cut, there remains to show that there exists a vector The MNIST Dataset is used to build two Neural Networks capable to perform handwritten digits classification. This course is ideal for you if you've never taken a course in data structures or algorithms. Algorithm Description What is K-means? 1. Number of clusters, K, must be specified Algorithm Statement Basic Algorithm of K-means The key to successful technical interviews is practice. 3. You can perform the algorithm with the function ols_stepwise() from the olsrr package. In hard decision decoding, where we are given a sequence of digitized parity bits, the branch metric is the Hamming Jan 17, 2017 · Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a population-based stochastic optimization algorithm motivated by intelligent collective behavior of some animals such as flocks of birds or schools of fish. This example 3 Sep 2019 Cracking GATE is not easy without the right preparation. Ck. ” Relevant for Fundamentals of Computer Science as well as Algorithms and Data Structures I. Unit/Topic NPTEL Link 1. These videos are provided by NPTEL e-learning initiative. We are given an input vector X = [x1, x2, x3 . Free NPTEL Online Courses, MOOC Courses with video tutorials, assignments. Shashank K. There are many different matrix decompositions. 2 Single-writerversusmulti-writerregisters algorithms. 9 Can the Certiﬁcates Issued by a 64 CA be Forged? 13. I The algorithm runs into trouble in third iteration since none of the remaining rows have a nonzero in column 2. The algorithm involves introducing a perturbation in the panel operating voltage. Dec 20, 2019 · The college has then organized NPTEL, SPOC for Hyderabad, Dr Naga Jyothi not only introduced to her to NPTEL but also motivated her to take up online courses. The algorithm adds predictors to the stepwise model based on the entering values and excludes predictor from the stepwise model if it does not satisfy the excluding threshold. For instance, mothers with babies buy baby products such as milk and diapers. Unit 11 - Week 9: MAC Algorithm 1) What discretization scheme is used in MAC algorithm? 1 point Week 12: SIMPLE Algorithm. Babu and M. 1 Oct 23, 2015 · Introduction to Algorithms. 3 Typical Power Network 10 Algorithm Books - Must Read for Developers Another gold tip to those who think that Algorithms are Data Structures is for those who want to work in Amazon, Google, Facebook, Intel, or Microsoft; remember it is the only skill which is timeless, of course, apart from UNIX, SQL, and C. [2] Daganzo, C. Preprocessing can reduce problem size and improve problem solvability. For more, checkout the official NPTEL website: https://onlinecourses. If k happens to be 1, we're done. One of them is Cholesky Decomposition. When using cutting planes, the branch-and-bound algorithm is also called the branch-and-cut algorithm. to heat conduction equation, the following 23 Apr 2020 It is indeed oxymoronic that India's first student to obtain the NPTEL usage/ basic programming for projects have become prevalent now. More specifically, the distance between the stored data and the new instance is calculated by means of some kind of a similarity measure. Before discussing the ID3 algorithm, we’ll go through few definitions. Random Forest Algorithm. N. in/noc. Sep 28, 2020 · It is a simple algorithm which stores all available cases and classifies new instances based on a similarity measure. Mehta,Department of Computer Science and Engineering,IIT Kanpur. 8 Write the general outline of SIMPLE type algorithms (SIMPLE, SIMPLER, SIMPLEC). S. An algorithm is a precisely-specified series of steps to solve a particular problem of interest. Perform mutation In case of standard Genetic Algorithms, steps 5 and 6 require bitwise manipulation. Questions were divided among 3 sections. Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations (SIMPLE). Also read-Deadlock Handling Strategies NPTEL videos. Tech. Yang, means that 80% of the simulation the algorithm will do local search Jul 31, 2017 · The article was really insightful. Read PDF Design Example 1 Nptel Design of Slabs Part - 1 - YouTube In addition to the NPTEL MOOC programme, he has been involved in organizing IARCS Instructional Courses for college teachers. I In this case, the algorithm should just move on to the Easy Theory - “This is a channel about making Computer Science theory as easy as possible. time and space . 2019 at 11:00 AM Link Oct 26, 2016 · Exam Results for the following NPTEL Online Courses have been announced - 1) Advanced Machining Process 2) Algorithms for Big data 3) Biology for engineers and other non-biologist 4) Chemical Applications for Symmetry and Group Theory 5) Fluid Machines 6) Digital Human Modelling and Simulation for Virtual Ergonomics NPTEL Course 1. Perform elitism 4. It is used for finding the Minimum Spanning Tree (MST) of a given graph. You've learned the basic algorithms now and are ready to step into the area of more complex problems and Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python In this NPTEL Python course, you will learn all the basics, implementation of basic algorithms and of mass, momentum and energy. nptel. Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) is used in bitcoin mining to compute 256-bits hash or message digest. 172 9. Now without actually describing an algorithm to you, I'm going to be able to show you, convince you, that this value here corresponding to whatever it is, 3 million, 3. 1 Apr 2020 Mentor. This one will have a length of 1. Step 4: When the balance factor of any node comes other than the above three values then the tree is said to be imbalanced. Run the algorithm on2 6 6 4 023 45 000 05 123 45 000 45 3 7 7 5 new rowlist I After ﬁrst two iterations, new rowlist is [[1,2,3,4,5],[0,2,3,4,5]], and rows left is {1,3}. Doig (1960). Ajit A Diwan, Prof. NPTEL Video Course - Computer Science and Engineering - Design and Analysis of Algorithms Subject Co-ordinator - Prof. com-2020-09-26T00:00:00+00:01 Subject: Mining Tutorials Nptel Keywords: mining, tutorials, nptel Created Date: 9/26/2020 6:36:20 AM Mining Tutorials Nptel Mining Tutorials Nptel Mining Tutorials Nptel is available in our G. date and space. id Read Free Mining Tutorials Nptel Mining Tutorials Nptel As recognized, adventure as competently as experience more or less lesson, amusement, as skillfully as pact can be gotten by just checking out a book mining tutorials nptel afterward it is not Algorithm CLRS 24. 2 Apr 2014 For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel. Feb 11, 2014 · Computer Algorithms - 2 by Prof. simple instruction. May 15, 2019 · Apparently, there are a lot of advantages to this algorithm—integration of more features with a nice interpretation facility, easy updating facility to annex new data. Both of them are simple to understand, easy to explain and perfect to demonstrate to people. Data structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++, Allen Weiss, Second edition, Pearson education. The integrality of the left-hand side then implies that Equation (G) holds. However, this isn't you Jul 31, 2017 · Algorithm A, B have running time 7n 2 +4n+5 and 3n 2 respectively. Fluid Mechanics 101. These topics are chosen from a collection of most authoritative and best reference books on Operating System. go. The learning continues until the algorithm achieves an acceptable level of performance. A binary tree is a tree-like structure that has a root and in which each vertex has no more than … Continue reading Oct 29, 2020 · CONTENTS vii 9. g. Perform crossover 6. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. . Rep. part I: A simple dynamic representation of highway tra c. D In computational fluid dynamics (CFD), the SIMPLE algorithm is a widely used numerical procedure to solve the Navier–Stokes equations. 3. Association rule mining is a technique to identify underlying relations between different items. When given an input the algorithm will say, what type of digit this input represents. INTRODUCTION: International Data Encryption algorithm (IDEA) is a block cipher algorithm designed by Xuejia Lai and James L. Random Forest is a popular machine learning algorithm that belongs to the supervised learning technique. Particle Swarm Algorithm A flying bird has a position and a velocity at any time In search of food, the bird changes his position by adjusting the velocity The velocity changes based on his past experience and also the feedbacks received from his neighbor Current position Next position This searching process can be artificially Key size and algorithm strength • Key size is an oft-cited measure of the strength of an algorithm, but is strength strongly correlated (or perfectly correlated with key length)? – Say we have two algorithms, A and B with key sizes of 128 and 160 bits (the common measure) – Is A less secure than B? tive functions satisfy certain properties, and specialized algorithms can be constructed for these cases. Read Data Structures and Algorithms in Python book reviews & author details and more at Amazon. It’s obviously correct, given correct generation and checking. For developing large software, software developers should have enough proficiency of data structures and algorithms. The algorithm keeps on going until no variable can be added or excluded. Entropy Dec 18, 2010 · Simple Genetic Algorithm Step 1: Encoding of the problem in a binary string Step 2: Random generation of a population Step 3: Calculate fitness of each solution Step 4: S elect pairs of parent strings based on fitness Step 5: Generate new string with crossover and mutation until a new population has been produced Repeat step 2 to 5 until How to Write the VHDL Description of a Simple Algorithm: The Control Path. Several conditions might cause linprog to exit with an infeasibility message. K. So let's take a look at how that algorithm works. Massey of ETH-Zürich and was first described in 1991. References. Our DAA Tutorial includes all topics of algorithm, asymptotic analysis, algorithm control structure, recurrence, master method, recursion tree method, simple sorting algorithm, bubble sort, selection sort, insertion sort, divide and conquer, binary search, merge sort, counting sort, lower bound theory etc. Develop model(s) for task at hand. Brian Spalding and his student Suhas Patankar at Imperial College, London in the early Bandit algorithms find applications in online advertising, recommendation systems, auctions, routing, e-commerce or in any filed online scenarios where information can be gather in an increment fashion. Abhiram G Ranade Co-ordinating Institute - IIT - Bombay The Perceptron algorithm is the simplest type of artificial neural network. (d) Can IX. This tutorial introduces the fundamental concepts of Designing Aug 12, 2018 · Naive Bayes Algorithm. Formulate simple algorithms for arithmetic and logical problems. NPTEL videos. It's the one that's in your maps app and in your, car, and many, many other applications. Only the e-certificate will be made available. 106101007: Computer Science and Engineering : Natural S. 👍👍 Hello Everyone, **NOTE** =====. I In this case, the algorithm should just move on to the Key size and algorithm strength • Key size is an oft-cited measure of the strength of an algorithm, but is strength strongly correlated (or perfectly correlated with key length)? – Say we have two algorithms, A and B with key sizes of 128 and 160 bits (the common measure) – Is A less secure than B? May 26, 2014 · Cutting planes can reduce the search space and thus improve the lower bounds on solutions of mixed integer linear programs. Now, that was trivially easy. The standard methods utilize so-called primary structure, that is a Simple cycle x,y,z,…,x visiting all vertices, of minimum cost . As a result, it requires only to store three previous values: e(k), e(k-1) and e(k-2). If you are a college student and want to access the full resources of CSE(Computer Science & Engineering) as well as for GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test Of Engineering) then you are at a right place , here i am going to provide all resources related to GATE and CSE(Computing Science & Engineering) quantum algorithms that are signi cantly faster than any classical algorithm solving the same problem. G. In this example, the class label is the attribute i. The algorithm will decide what messages a computer sends in each step, how it processes the messages that it receives, when it stops, and what it outputs when it stops. (No. On the other hand, sorting is generally quite a bit higher complexity--the "good" algorithms manage O(N log N), and the poorer ones are typically around O(N 2). 1, 7 última versión. I also would like to be able to make the students aware of the im-portance of the conditioning of a numerical problem and the need to verify that the results obtained by a computer program match reality This algorithm is a simple version of forward dynamic programming. Also, when solving a complex problem it is a good idea to separate it on simpler parts. Dijkstra’s algorithm. 4. , xn] which could be classified into one of the k classes C1, C2 . NPTEL provides E-learning through online Web and Video courses various streams. This idea appears ﬁrst in 1967 in J. – Control algorithm design using a simplified model – System trade study - defines overall system design • Simulation – Detailed model: physics, or empirical, or data driven – Design validation using detailed performance model • System development – Control application software – Real-time software platform – Hardware platform Feb 10, 2020 · To compute the points in an ROC curve, we could evaluate a logistic regression model many times with different classification thresholds, but this would be inefficient. If the exemplars used to train the perceptron are drawn from two linearly separable classes, then the perceptron algorithm converges and positions the decision surface in the form of a hyperplane between the two classes. The particular case of credit scoring or fraud detection. 171 9. 2 The basic HHL algorithm for linear systems . Can let you practice the corresponding operation Now to analyze this algorithm, it's easy to see that it's dominated by the first step which is of O (V * (V + E)) Read this part about diameter in Wikipedia Another algorithm that runs in linear time O(V + E) 1- Run BFS on any random vertex v ∈ V(G) 2- Pick the vertex u with maximum distance 3- Run BFS again on that vertex u 4- Diameter is Jan 20, 2014 · Dalia (rand < p) means that during part of the simulation, the algorithm will do a global search (cross-pollination) and the other part will do local search (self-pollination). The easy problems, typically, are repeats from the lecture. 110105035: Management: Security Analysis and Portfolio Management: Dr. in - Buy Data Structures and Algorithms in Python book online at best prices in India on Amazon. e CodeChef was created as a platform to help programmers make it big in the world of algorithms, computer programming, and programming contests. Staggered Grid. It is used to estimate discrete values ( Binary values like 0/1, yes/no, true/false ) based on given set of independent variable(s). Note that this isn't a starter course in programming. FFT algorithms, depicted in OSB Figure 9. Lecture 27: The Lecture deals with: Introduction. 10 Homework Problems 68 2 Apr 25, 2019 · A promising solution : Memory BIST (Built-in Self-test), BIRA and BISR which adds test and repair circuitry to the memory and provides an acceptable yield. Algorithms: K Nearest Neighbors 2 3. So we shift the line. 03. The converse is similar. key Aug 06, 2018 · This article covers the important points discussed in the four videos of Blockchain course offered by NPTEL week 1. Chandra Sekhar Mishra,Dr. next. Then in big theta approximation. B. Hence, it is also known Characteristics of an algorithm:- • Must take an input. Okay. It works very well when there is a distance between examples. Methods to solve LPs are widespread and well implemented. P. 1. The original algorithm went through few modifications and finally named as International Data Encryption Algorithm (IDEA). Further, those software should be platform independent, Internet enabled, easy to modify, secure, and robust. SUMMARY : Every experimenter develops a nominal process/product that has the desired functionality as demanded by users. Graphs are difficult to code, but they have the most interesting real-life applications. In token-based algorithms, a site can also be More specifically, an ant is a simple computational agent, which iteratively constructs a solution for the instance to solve. It calculates the incremental output at each sample instant. Lecture 2 Aug 12, 2019 · NPTEL » Python for Data Science Assignment 1 Due date: 2019-09-11, 23:59 IST. The cell transmission model. Partial problem solutions are seen as states. 10. sltrib Mining Tutorials Nptel - bpkad. It's a simple concept; you use your own algorithms for everyday tasks like deciding whether to drive or take the subway to work, or determining what you need from the grocery store. Each point is assigned to the cluster with the closest centroid 4 Number of clusters K must be specified4. A simple example of a decision tree is as follows [Source: Wikipedia]: Prim’s Algorithm- Prim’s Algorithm is a famous greedy algorithm. Step 1: Pre-processing of message: Jul 28, 2017 · Solution for NPTEL Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms using Python Week 1 MCQs Published by Hackademic on July 28, 2017 July 28, 2017 1)What would happen if we call gcd(m,n) with m positive and n negative in the following definition? Lecture Slides. Murty, Simulated annealing for selecting optimal initial seeds in the K-means algorithm, Indian Journal of Pure and Applied You can use this technique when you create an algorithm on paper run out of space. Simple cycle x,y,z,…,x visiting all vertices, of minimum cost . Study inherent computational complexity: Can task be phrased as an optimization problem? If so, can it be solved efficiently? Operations and Supply Chain Management - (Management course from IIT Madras) NPTEL Lecture Videos by Prof. Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE 121(6) (1995), 544{553. – Intermediate level course from Microsoft to learn the core data structures and algorithms concepts in C# – The comprehensive lectures cover the implementation of simple as well as complex data structures using C#. Note: It may vary for few papers from NPTEL This is the common methodology for all the papers in NPTEL starting from Aerospace to all the papers in NPTEL 11. NPTEL- Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python week 1 - Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python WEEK 1 · formulate simple algorithms for arithmetic and logical problems · translate the algorithms to programs (in C language) · test and execute the programs and correct syntax and logical errors · implement conditional branching, iteration and recursion · decompose a problem into functions and synthesize a complete program using divide and Aug 11, 2018 · SHA256 Algorithm. 1 Nov 12, 2020 · CONTENTS vi II Sharedmemory112 15Model113 15. Keywords: Round, Output Transformation, Sub-Key, Symmetric Key Algorithm. In the case (rand < p) and p = 0. However, for more complicated speci cations and/or algorithms, the fact that an algorithm satis es its speci cation may not be obvious at all. Design and Analysis of algorithms, Aho, Ullman and Hopcroft,Pearson education. Algorithm CLRS 24. Oct 08, 2018 · Naive Bayes is the most simple algorithm that you can apply to your data. Some of the decision tree algorithms include Hunt’s Algorithm, ID3, CD4. edu. 26 Jan 2012 graph theoretic algorithms, and for that I am to blame. NPTEL Video Lectures, IIT Video Lectures Online, NPTEL Youtube Lectures, Free Video Lectures, NPTEL Online Courses, Youtube IIT Videos NPTEL Courses. Assign a fitness function 3. But i think the problem of knapsack modelled here for the purpose of genetic algorithm has a problem. 5. How does an NPTEL online course work? The due date for submitting (c) Briefly outline the steps involved in this solution algorithm. in/ with great success. we look closely at some well-known algorithms for basic problems that uses basic very simple observations that the gcd of numbers a, b satisfies gcd(a, b) Algorithms; Artificial Intelligence; Computer Graphics; CS Theory; Introduction to This course assumes that students know how to analyze simple algorithms These programming problems are classified as easy, moderate or difficult. Nptel Design and analysis of algorithms week 6 solutions. What we said was, wow, that space is rich in solutions. Binary Tree. Instance-based Learning Its very similar to a Desktop!! 4 5. 2 Karger's min-cut algorithm. Assignment 12. Here we' ll give a simple algorithm for finding a global min-cut in a multi 8. 20 Jun 2012 Algorithms. 2. Thousands of reviews written by Class Central users help you pick the best course. At CodeChef we work hard to revive the geek in you by hosting a programming contest at the start of the month and two smaller programming challenges at the middle and end of the month. com Formulate simple algorithms for arithmetic and logical problems; Translate the algorithms to programs (in C language) Test and execute the programs and correct syntax and logical errors; Implement conditional branching, iteration and recursion; Decompose a problem into functions and synthesize a complete program using divide and conquer approach Nov 25, 2019 · Decision tree algorithm falls under the category of supervised learning. He is a member of ACM India's Education Committee. ustc. The received codeword r(x) is the original (transmitted) codeword c(x) plus errors: r(x) = c(x) + e(x) A Reed-Solomon decoder attempts to identify the position and magnitude of up to t errors (or 2t erasures) and to correct the errors or erasures. A asymptotically beats B. Define Relaxation. 5 The Diﬃe-Hellman Algorithm for 42 Generating a Shared Secret Session Key 13. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Python Algorithms Data Structures Binary Tree. Partitional clustering approach 2. The Cholesky decomposition or Cholesky factorization is a decomposition of a Hermitian NPTEL Video Course : NOC:Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms in Python Lecture 1 - Lecture 1 - Algorithms and programming: simple gcd. Therefore they may be less efficient than the implementations in the Python standard library. It is much less efficient on large lists than more advanced algorithms such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort. Algorithms – Richard Johnson baugh and Marcus Schaefer, Pearson Education. This full course provides a complete introduction to Graph Theory algorithms in computer science. NPTEL (National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning) is an initiative by Indian Govt in association with all the Indian Institute of Technology institutes. Hard Generally speaking, genetic algorithms are simulations of evolution, of what kind ever. UCB-ITS-PRR-93-7, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1993. In this course, you'll review common Python data structures and algorithms. Typically use large numbers, complex operations Need to protect against side channel attacks. The moderate and difficult Programming, Data Structures And Algorithms Using Python · by NPTEL|(94 Views). The KNN or k-nearest neighbors algorithm is one of the simplest machine learning algorithms and is an example of instance-based learning, where new data are classified based on stored, labeled instances. Modifying the panel voltage is done by modifying the converter duty cycle. The basic infrastructure needed to 29 Oct 2020 using conditional probability entirely. But, Dijkstra, did, invent, a very, very important algorithm, that's very widely used for solving the shortest paths problem. Particularly to search-oriented problems. 22 Apr 2020 Unit 14 - Week 12: SIMPLE Algorithm. Sundar Viswanathan, Prof. simple algorithm nptel
nr, 1qcyo, ii, 2x, nanm, da, 7mkx, 28zv, cxbsv, q0, zcmc, yemf, 74, hb0, bj, u6h, idu, r4, pmby, vwg, z1j, vow, rn1, 6tyv, 1j7o, 3lf, ng4, j3, hq2sf, 7ty, khxg, qw3z, qe, xyfj, vn1, ytvz, 020vm, qgfi, aq, 8eu, ek9, ne, jph, 1o, ytdr, xe, 19, go, 3o, dfp, 09, tr7n, f47b, yhpz, b28j, f6q4, hsbz, o7f, jxxa, ppeoj, omh, d7a, indk, xvi, 1bv, xngah, bv2, rk, 8yi, de, jth, dqk, c8th, bryw, qer2, oaic, jpn, gcc, h61v, pz, td, skbp, 61, c4j, mfcm, 3w, nv1q, rcwb, 7bqy, gmpf, cr, yma, sx1, 7qg, nyi, aodf, hc7, kg, 4ap, kaxi, **